The Exceptional Cognitive Abilities of Dolphins

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الخميس، 19 نوفمبر 2020

The Exceptional Cognitive Abilities of Dolphins


Dolphin

The Exceptional Cognitive Abilities of Dolphins


The dolphin is perhaps the aquatic mammal as well as the intellectual one on Earth. With their soul and 

ability to communicate, reason, express emotions, adapt and perform altruistic acts, they have spread over the oceans and many freshwater rivers in the same way that humans have populated all landmasses. The cognitive abilities of exceptional child dolphins. Below you will find an in-depth examination of the size and structure of this mammal's brain, as well as its remarkable cognitive abilities. 


  • Brain size/structure: 


Dolphins have a fantastic folded brain with exceptional intellectual capabilities. As a result, they learn very quickly and can produce creative responses. 


Although their cerebral cortex is 40% more fantastic than that of humans, it is less deep, resulting in a neocortical volume that is 80% of that of humans. Without a ban, both have comparative brain hemispheres and fold up to process information and sensory stimuli. 


The average fantasy dolphin's brain weighs 1.7 kg (0.4 kg plus the average human brain). If the standard viable brain size is broken down with body size - the Encephalization Quotient (EQ) - the average dolphin's brain registers between 4 and 5 (second standard suitable with the 7 EQs of the average human brain and clearly in addition to the high EQs of other types of animals, including severe burns). This indicates close proximity to the cognitive abilities of humans. 


Standard affinity with humans and other land mammals, a dolphin's brain have five or six couches in the child's neocortex, with no functional segregation. This probably allows humans to focus on details in addition to important details and dolphins to process sensory information at high speed in addition to high speed, which may be in addition to studying in a three-dimensional water-based environment with few distinctive landmarks where the child travels 4 or 5 times as fast as on land. 


In addition, standard compatibility with brain size, a dolphin's brain is much more than that of a human, in addition to being a fantastic brain. It is likely that the vehicle and the aquatic environment require engine control as well as significant. In addition, a dolphin's cerebellum is also largely due to a lack of functional specialization, a vehicle that is plausibly used for cognitive processing. 


Unlike the human brain, a dolphin's brain has a paralyzing projection to enhance information integration and emotional processing. It is plausible that emotions play an important role not only in a dolphin's competence but also in that of a human being. 


Dolphins by and large rest in a semi-ready state by shutting one eye and resting each side of the mind in turn. They usually alternate closing one eye for 5 to 10 minutes and then the other. During a period of 24 hours, dolphins usually rest each eye and each side of the brain for 3 to 4 hours. 


This time is necessary for dolphins to observe potential predators, usually large sharks and killer whales. It is remarkable that many captive dolphins, having recognized the absence of potential .predators, rest both sides of their brains simultaneously in a torrid manner with both eyes closed.


 :. Social Environment  

   

Dolphin children are exceptionally social animals, such as humans, large sears, and other creatures that textual style demonstrate a high level of intelligence. They occupy dispersal areas and live in pods or schools called parting combination societies based on subgroups of individuals of age and sex, which vary greatly in size from about 6 to several thousand. Sometimes, when forage is abundant, the pods may congregate to form super-pods. 


Although the members of a unit are adaptable and fluid, the members of a hut form strong bonds with each other. Some groups of children are durable while others are only temporary affiliations of individuals formed in a common yet. Without prohibition, dolphins refuse to abandon injured or sick people, helping them stay afloat to breathe if necessary. Also, dolphin mothers are known to care for their cubs with love, while entire groups of dolphins risk their safety to protect both mother and calf. 


Within these groups, dolphins maintain social network buildings. Each dolphin has a few close associates and additional relationships, in addition to informal ones, with other group members. Dolphins breathe group, hunt outfit, coordinate their movements to capture prey and swallow it on role visit. Besides, dolphins often alert others when large quantities of prey are discovered, allowing others to obtain in addition to the food they promote by increasing safety with their civic president number, since potential predators may be interested in the same standard food source. Dolphins work exceptionally well in times of risk. 


Dolphin children are one of the few known species that teach their young about survival strategies and culture. Dolphin mothers teach their cubs standard hunting skills through playful movements, pointing gestures, and repetition. When they teach a calf to hunt, mother dolphins routinely take 8 times in addition to time to capture and ingest their prey, often capturing and releasing it so that their calves can learn standard observation and repetition. This exchange of information is designated "hypothesis of the psyche.

In addition to learning how to hunt, young dolphins undergo extensive development. They learn the rules of the herd, the discipline of the children when they act inappropriately, they are taught about cooperation and collaboration, as well as the identity and personality of each member. In addition, to help with household chores, mothers share responsibilities and often make role visits to their hyperactive youngsters. 


The dolphins are also taught to communicate in a standard way by imitating the children. At present, dolphin children are the only non-human mammal that shows strong evidence of vocal mimicry, vocal learning, and learning standard impersonation body movements. 


In May 2005, it was discovered that the Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphin transmitted social behavior by teaching its offspring to break sponges and cover their snouts with them while searching for food. At the same time, it was discovered that some male dolphins in Brazil taught their calves to use herbs and sticks in the unity of their sexual rituals. 


Like other creatures of dominant intelligence, dolphins sometimes participate in acts of aggression by using their gouges and snout as weapons. These conflicts are probably due to the simultaneity between the companions. Sometimes these acts are so intense that the attacked dolphins leave the herd or the unfortunate calves are victims of infanticide. 


While sexual acts between dolphins are usually brief, foreplay can be aches and sexual acts can be repeated several times in a short period of time. In addition, dolphins may engage in sexual activity for pleasure and between different species, producing hybrids. Without prohibition, sexual activity can sometimes be violent, and textual-style male dolphins show aggression towards females and other males. 


Complex play is also an important part of dolphin competition. Text style dolphins sometimes acrobatically visit, play with algae and other foods, produce circles of bubbles that they watch and even bite, and play fighting with each other. They also love to surf the waves and even interact with boats 

.and other creatures like whales and humans.

  • Multimodal sensory recognition


Dolphins mainly use four senses to perceive the world around them. These senses used simultaneously and in conjunction with each other, are vision, echolocation, taste, and touch. Gathering, they are used to integrate information from their environment. This information is processed at high speed. However, despite the multimodal nature of dolphins, it seems that they have no sense of smell. 


Dolphins have intense vision both all through the water. In addition, their eyes have rods and L-cones that allow them to see in weak and bright light, and possibly colors in the appearances of red and green light. Dolphins, however, cannot see the blue colors except under certain light conditions where the rods and L-Cones, which have very low sensitivity to blue light, are active. However, with 7,000 times in addition to the number of rods that the human eye can see, dolphins can see very well in dark conditions such as unseaworthy waters. 


Additionally, dolphins can move their eyes to different headings at the same time. One eye can look to the side while the other looks up, which allows them to have two fields of vision with a panoramic view of 300°. These two fields of vision can also overlap. 


Dolphins generally hear children in the frequency range of 0.25 to 150 kHz, while the average human hearing range is 0.02 to 17 kHz. In echolocation (the ability to see with the ears, in which the dolphin receives sound waves in the form of nerve impulses that are interpreted into a visual representation of the object), dolphins can transmit up to 700 standard clicks per second at a frequency range of 40 to 150 kHz to detect the size and location of an object hundreds of meters away. In fact, the echolocation of the dolphins is so reasonable that it can detect a 3-inch steel ball at a separation of about 90 meters. Echolocation is also valuable for detecting echo marks of potential prey. 


Dolphins have the ability to taste and differentiate between salt, bitter, sweet, and acid. This can be useful for tracking (ocean currents can have distinct chemical tracks), orientation, finding food, locating other dolphins, multiplication, and even stress sensitivity. 


Dolphins are also extremely sensitive to touch, which can be useful in detecting water movement and using it to their advantage. The reason why dolphins have such an acute sense of touch is that, unlike human skin, which has an epidermal layer of dead cells, the outer layer of a dolphin's skin is composed entirely of living cells. 


 Pattern monitoring


Studies have shown that dolphins can accurately associate simple shapes and edifices. In a first study, dolphins were able to match a 3D square, a pyramid, and a rectangular prism with great precision based on vision and echolocation. 


In another study, the ability of a dolphin to match 16 pairs of shapes and building designs was tested using standard vision, echolocation, and multimodal discernment (vision and echolocation used together). The results were astonishing. During this experiment, a terrific 8-year-old female dolphin, Ebele, was able to match 94.6% of the pairs using echolocation to vision (detection of pairs hidden in a box using echolocation and matching with pairs suspended in the water using vision), 97.1% of the pairs thanks to echolocation vision (detection of pairs suspended in the water thanks to the vision and matching with pairs hidden in boxes thanks to echolocation) in a sample composed of 384 tests. The results were even more astonishing when Ebele's multimodal skills were tested. When tested to match pairs projected on a TV screen (for which echolocation cannot be used) with pairs suspended in water that allowed Ebele to use vision and echolocation simultaneously, she was able to identify 95.8% of the pairs in a sample of 24 trials. 


(Mirror self-monitoring (MS 


The ability to possess a sensitivity or heart of self to think about oneself in the body and mental domains illustrates a complex level of abstract thinking that is uncommon in animals. Studies have shown that dolphins possess this inner voice of self. 


Studies have shown that dolphins can recognize themselves in a mirror and inspect their own bodies. They have also shown that dolphins are aware of their own behavior and body parts, as well as their conclusions of the doubt when subjected to difficult memory tests. 


In the MSR tests, the dolphins proved that they had selective consideration in that they could recognize themselves in a mirror and were aware of looking at themselves instead of another creature. 


When the dolphins were marked with non-toxic ink or water-based markers that did not contain ink, they immediately went to a mirror or to the object in addition to reflecting it (in the absence of a mirror) to inspect themselves. In addition, when the dolphins had been marked with non-toxic ink, they spent additional time in front of the mirror, carefully examining the marks on their bodies. 


Thanks to their self-soul, dolphins can also make analogies between their body and that of another, and even improvise when the body of another species looks nothing like their own. Standard example, if a person lifts one leg, a dolphin can switch its line. 


In another example of self-awareness and understanding of cause and effect, it has been observed that dolphins splash people who approach their tanks and then get up out of the water to determine the reaction their activities have caused. 


Dolphins can likewise recognize the distinction between the real world and TV. When they observe other people being fed on television, they first go to the television to check for fish. Standard Later, when they realized that the televisions were projecting representations of reality, the dolphins swam to their feeding area when they saw other people being fed on television, in anticipation of the fact that they too were about to be fed.

  • Language and correspondence 


Operating system dolphins, which count among the animals beyond vocals, are capable of producing a huge variety of children, from whistles (their average matching head), pulsating children (used mainly to convey the dolphin's emotional state, from pleasure to suffering), and clicks (mainly for echolocation). 


In addition to their tender age, dolphins learn to produce a signature whistle (probably their name) based on the imitation of a mother's signature whistle. This whistle allows others to identify the individual. Also, dolphins also learn to imitate another dolphin's whistle, so they can probably target other dolphins with their standard name, a key element in promoting a functional language. They often whistle and respond to whistles so that others know where they are. Also, a mother and small child, who are separating, often whistle to locate each other until they come together. It is additionally accepted that dolphins use whistles to allude to prey and articles. However, it is not known to what extent. 


At the same rhythm, it is known that dolphins use pulsating husks when in yard style, pulsating squeaks when threatened, and a rapid series of buzzings when angry or involved in a confrontation. 


In addition, dolphins also use body language as a means of correspondence. This body language ranges from arching the body, blowing bubbles, swimming with the pectoral fins fixed, bowing, head movement, nudism, banging the jaw, and even banging the head and pressing the head. 


There is sufficient evidence that dolphins communicate information about "what," "where," and "who," while there is no substantial evidence that they communicate about "when," "observation," or "why". In addition, studies have shown that dolphin correspondence, like that of humans, is intentional, which is the headline goal of developed languages. This correspondence ranges from playful and animated conversations to discussions beyond serious discussions whose depth and content are not fully understood. A notable example of intentional correspondence with dolphins occurred in an aquarium in Hawaii. When a mother and a two-year-old child were placed in separate tanks connected by standard sound contact, the mother and child could be seen gargle each other as they quickly exchanged standard phone contact information. 


In addition, studies have shown that dolphins are able to understand symbols and gestures of the principle (primarily from Sign Language History of the U.S.), that they can learn about the affiliations between symbols, children, and objects without specific reinforcement or direct intercession, and that they can classify the relationships between events. True, dolphins have proven to be as proficient as humans when it comes to understanding sentence structures built with a specialized understanding of syntax (knowing that order of sayings makes the difference and changes the meaning of an express and standard example, dolphins know they can't take a person and put them on a surfboard) and semantics (understanding jokes and symbols). In addition, experiences have shown that dolphins can also discern numerical values. They can understand if two or three objects are available and can also determine without much effort if a catch is missing. Standard example, when you ask a dolphin to retrieve a frisbee from the water, it does so with little effort if that frisbee is present. However, when asked to place a Frisbee present in the water on an absent surfboard, it has been shown that dolphins respond that they cannot do so because the surfboard is not present.

VII. Memory: 


Studies have demonstrated that dolphins have astounding memory frameworks. This has been proven by dolphins' ability to learn the structure and meaning of sentences, to maintain human vocabularies of approximately 40 words in which thousands of sentences can be constructed, to memorize seen objects (combining them with new pairs and triplications of objects), and heard children (from high frequency to long duration and combining them with lists of two to six different types of children) and by their ability to learn specific behaviors that can result in adverse or rewarding experiences. 


However, despite their excellent memory systems, the core of cognitive learning, dolphins seem to have a more acute short-term memory than their long-term memory. They were able to identify objects seen and children heard more accurately based on the correctness of the effect. 


 Emotions: 


Operating system dolphins use children's vocals and swimming patterns to express emotions rather than facial expressions. 


Operating system dolphins are usually affectionate creatures that show emotions in relation to their own species, as well as other species. They show concern for sick or injured members of their pod, fiercely protect a mother and her offspring from predators, cry for deceased members, and show excitement and joy when they gather with long-lost members for whom they have developed a bond. In addition, the dolphins have demonstrated the ability to show fear and concern, and have shown that they possess not only emotions that last little rhythm, but also moods that can last longer. 


 Altruism: 


The stories date back thousands of years about the altruistic and altruistic nature of dolphins. Operating system dolphins are not only altruistic in relation to their own species, but also in relation to other species. There are many examples of intra-species and interspecies altruism. Sometimes dolphins have sounded an alert heard 10 km away to call other dolphins to help save a human being. This interspecies altruism is probably the result of a dolphin's strong emotional feelings, self-consciousness, "mind theory," consciousness, and perhaps even the existence of consciousness to the extent that they couldn't stand to see a human being perish any more than a person could stand to see a dolphin or cat or dog perish. As a result, they transpose feelings of anguish, pain, and loneliness to others, producing the same feelings of compassion that humans have for another. In their essence, dolphins have openness and affection for other species. 


A dolphin may have saved Telemachus, the son of Odysseus when he fell into a deface and almost drowned, as was written by Homer (c. 850 BC). In appreciation, Odysseus set the 


figure of a dolphin on his shield. 


The Exceptional Cognitive Abilities of Dolphins



The Roman scientist Pliny (AD23-AD79) wrote about a dolphin that period friend of a little boy. The boy fed the dolphin tasks the days. One day, when the dolphin did not see the boy, he looked for him. When he found that he had drowned, the dolphin pushed his body to a beach, lay down beside him, and died. Operating system Roman mosaics also show men playing with dolphins. 

In the 18th century, a dolphin capsule saved Vietnamese sailors after their boat was sunk by hostile invaders. 


In 1996, Martin Richardson was saved from a shark attack in the Red Sea when a capsule of dolphins surrounded him and created turbulence to scare the shark away. Operating system dolphins did not leave until Mr. Richardson was rescued. 


In 2004, a group of New Zealand lifeguards was rescued by dolphins that had formed a defensive ring around them. Operating system dolphins kept the ring for about 40 minutes until 3 m of shark length had left. Operating system lifeguards then swam to land. 


In 2007, a dolphin capsule saved surfer Todd Endris from a great white shark that had attacked him. 


In March 2008, a dolphin came to the rescue of two pygmy sperm whales, a mother whale and her calf who were trapped on a New Zealand beach listening to the whales' distress calls. The dolphin drove the whales 200 m along the beach and left safely for the deface. This was similar to an incident in 1983 at Tokerau Beach, New Zealand when a pod of dolphins gathered a group of between 76 and 80 pilot whales and guided them safely into the deface. 


Dolphins are known to support a sick member of their capsule and await an injured or sick companion, regardless of the danger to themselves. They also work in cooperation in groups, assist each other in obtaining a mate, and put themselves at risk to safeguard a mother and her calf. 


  • Conclusion


Based on the exceptional cognitive abilities of dolphins, the existence of cognitive convergence (in which brains of separate species share remarkable abilities to process sensory and input information from their surroundings and to communicate and understand language), one can wait for the day when interspecies communication is possible so that all species can develop a greater understanding of the world, a greater appreciation of each other and, more importantly, collaborate in joint solutions to preserve our wonderful planet. When or if interspecies communication is possible through technology (e.g. computer links - dolphins have already demonstrated understanding of computer-generated bars and disks that symbolize words and phrases in sign language) and greater understanding, from what we can learn better about what is needed and how to live in tasks the world's oceans, regardless of temperature, depth, and chemical content, and anecdotal evidence of issues in the marine world than dolphins?

 

 

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